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Oriented astroglial cell growth on micropatterned polystyrene substrates

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11699 754 2004 15 PDF Available
Title
Oriented astroglial cell growth on micropatterned polystyrene substrates
Abstract

In an effort to develop a permissive environment for neural stem cell differentiation, directional growth of astrocytes has been achieved on polymer substrates in vitro. Manipulating a combination of physical and chemical cues, astrocyte adhesion and alignment in vitro were examined. To provide physical guidance, micropatterned polymer substrates of polystyrene (PS) were fabricated. Laminin was selectively adsorbed onto the grooves of the patterned surface. Rat type-1 astrocytes were seeded onto the micropatterned PS substrates, and the effects of substrate topography and the adsorption of laminin to the PS substrates on the behavior and morphology of the astrocytes were explored. The astrocytes were found to align parallel to the micropatterned grooves at initial seeding densities of approximately 7500, 13,000, and 20,000 cells/cm2 due to the effects of the physical and chemical guidance mechanisms. Adsorbing laminin in the microgrooves of the micropatterned PS substrates improved cell adhesion and spreading of cytoskeletal filaments significantly. At these initial seeding densities, over 85% astrocyte alignment in the direction of the grooves was achieved on the micropatterned PS substrates with laminin adsorbed in the grooves. This combination of guidance cues has the potential to provide a permissive substrate for in vivo regeneration within the central nervous system.

Keywords
Astrocyte; Neural stem cell; Micropatterning; Photolithography; Laminin; Nerve regeneration
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Oriented astroglial cell growth on micropatterned polystyrene substrates
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 25, Issue 14, June 2004, Pages 2753–2767
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us