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Improved hemocompatibility of silicone rubber extracorporeal tubing via solvent swelling-impregnation of S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) and evaluation in rabbit thrombogenicity model

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
117 10 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Improved hemocompatibility of silicone rubber extracorporeal tubing via solvent swelling-impregnation of S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) and evaluation in rabbit thrombogenicity model
Abstract

Blood-contacting devices, including extracorporeal circulation (ECC) circuits, can suffer from complications due to platelet activation and thrombus formation. Development of nitric oxide (NO) releasing polymers is one method to improve hemocompatibility, taking advantage of the ability of low levels of NO to prevent platelet activation/adhesion. In this study a novel solvent swelling method is used to load the walls of silicone rubber tubing with the NO donor S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP). This SNAP-silicone rubber tubing exhibits an NO flux of ca. 1 × 10−10 mol cm−2 min−1, which mimics the range of NO release from the normal endothelium, which is stable for at least 4 h. Images of the tubing before and after swelling, obtained via scanning electron microscopy, demonstrate that this swelling method has little effect on the surface properties of the tubing. The SNAP-loaded silicone rubber and silicone rubber control tubing are used to fabricate ECC circuits that are evaluated in a rabbit model of thrombogenicity. After 4 h of blood flow, the SNAP-loaded silicone rubber circuits were able to preserve the blood platelet count at 64% of baseline (vs. 12% for silicone rubber control). A 67% reduction in the degree of thrombus formation within the thrombogenicity chamber was also observed. This study demonstrates the ability to improve the hemocompatibility of existing/commercial silicone rubber tubing via a simple solvent swelling-impregnation technique, which may also be applicable to other silicone-based blood-contacting devices.Statement of SignificanceLocalized nitric oxide (NO) release can be achieved from biomedical grade polymers doped with S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP). Despite the promising in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility results reported for these NO releasing polymers, many of these materials may face challenges in being translated to clinical applications, especially in the areas of polymer processing and manufacturing. In this study, we report a solvent swelling-impregnation technique to incorporate SNAP into extracorporeal circuit (ECC) tubing. These NO-releasing ECCs were able to attenuate the activation of platelets and maintain their functionality, while significantly reducing the extent of thrombus formation during 4 h blood flow in the rabbit model of thrombogenicity.

Graphical abstractSilicone rubber (SR) tubing is soaked in a swelling solution to impregnate the entire tubing wall with S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP). The SNAP-silicone rubber tubing is used to fabricate extracorporeal circulation (ECC) loops that delivers nitric oxide (NO), a potent inhibitor of platelet adhesion/activation, and can significantly reduce thrombosis in a rabbit model of thrombogenicity.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (73 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Blood compatibility; Extracorporeal circulation; Nitric oxide delivery; S-Nitrosothiols; Thrombosis
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Improved hemocompatibility of silicone rubber extracorporeal tubing via solvent swelling-impregnation of S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) and evaluation in rabbit thrombogenicity model
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 37, June 2016, Pages 111–119
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us