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Mechanical behaviour of a new acrylic radiopaque iodine-containing bone cement

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11768 757 2004 11 PDF Available
Title
Mechanical behaviour of a new acrylic radiopaque iodine-containing bone cement
Abstract

In total hip replacement, fixation of a prosthesis is in most cases obtained by the application of methacrylic bone cements. Most of the commercially available bone cements contain barium sulphate or zirconium dioxide as radiopacifier. As is shown in the literature, the presence of these inorganic particles can be unfavourable in terms of mechanical and biological properties. Here, we describe a new type of bone cement, where X-ray contrast is obtained via the introduction of an iodine-containing methacrylate copolymer; a copolymer of methylmethacrylate and 2-[4-iodobenzoyl]-oxo-ethylmethacrylate (4-IEMA) is added to the powder component of the cement. The properties of the new I-containing bone cement (I-cement) are compared to those of a commercially available bone cement, with barium sulphate as radiopacifier (B-cement). The composition of the I-cement is adjusted such that similar handling properties and radiopacity as for the commercial cement are obtained. In view of the mechanical properties, it can be stated that the intrinsic mechanical behaviour of the I-cement, as revealed from compression tests, is superior to that of B-cement. Concerning the fatigue behaviour it can be concluded that, though B-cement has a slightly higher fatigue crack propagation resistance than I-cement, the fatigue life of vacuum-mixed I-cement is significantly better than that of B-cement. This is explained by the presence of BaSO4 clumps in the commercial cement; these act as crack initiation sites. The mechanical properties (especially fatigue resistance) of the new I-cement warrant its further development toward clinical application.

Keywords
Iodine copolymer; Acrylic bone cement; PMMA; Radiopacifier; Mechanical properties
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Mechanical behaviour of a new acrylic radiopaque iodine-containing bone cement
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 25, Issue 13, June 2004, Pages 2657–2667
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us