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Nano-C60 cytotoxicity is due to lipid peroxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11781 758 2005 9 PDF Available
Title
Nano-C60 cytotoxicity is due to lipid peroxidation
Abstract

This study examines the biological effects of water-soluble fullerene aggregates in an effort to evaluate the fundamental mechanisms that contribute to the cytotoxicity of a classic engineered nanomaterial. For this work we used a water-soluble fullerene species, nano-C60, a fullerene aggregate that readily forms when pristine C60 is added to water. Nano-C60 was cytotoxic to human dermal fibroblasts, human liver carcinoma cells (HepG2), and neuronal human astrocytes at doses ⩾50 ppb (LC50=2–50 ppb, depending on cell type) after 48 h exposure. This water-soluble nano-C60 colloidal suspension disrupts normal cellular function through lipid peroxidation; reactive oxygen species are responsible for the membrane damage. Cellular viability was determined through live/dead staining and LDH release. DNA concentration and mitochondrial activity were not affected by the nano-C60 inoculations to cells in culture. The integrity of cellular membrane was examined by monitoring the peroxy-radicals on the lipid bilayer. Subsequently, glutathione production was measured to assess the cell's reaction to membrane oxidation. The damage to cell membranes was observed both with chemical assays, and confirmed physically by visualizing membrane permeability with high molecular weight dyes. With the addition of an antioxidant, l-ascorbic acid, the oxidative damage and resultant toxicity of nano-C60 was completely prevented.

Keywords
Nanoparticle; Cytotoxicity; Nano-C60; Membrane oxidation
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Nano-C60 cytotoxicity is due to lipid peroxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 36, December 2005, Pages 7587–7595
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us