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Formation of a nucleus pulposus-cartilage endplate construct in vitro

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11803 759 2006 9 PDF Available
Title
Formation of a nucleus pulposus-cartilage endplate construct in vitro
Abstract

Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is a common problem and treatment options for persistent symptomatic disease are limited. Tissue engineering is being explored for its ability to reconstitute the functional components of the IVD. The purpose of this study was to determine whether it was possible to form in vitro a triphasic construct consisting of nucleus pulposus (NP), cartilage endplate (CEP), and a porous calcium polyphosphate (CPP) bone substitute. Bovine articular chondrocytes were placed on the top surface of a porous CPP construct and allowed to form cartilage in vitro. Nucleus pulposus cells were then placed onto the in vitro-formed hyaline cartilage. At 24 h scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that the NP cells maintained their rounded morphology, similar to NP cells placed directly on porous CPP. At 8 weeks histological examination of the triphasic constructs by light microscopy showed that a continuous layer of NP tissue had formed and was fused to the underlying cartilage tissue, which itself was integrated with the porous CPP. The incorporation of the cartilage layer was beneficial to the construct by improving tissue attachment to the CPP, as demonstrated by increased peak load and increased energy required for failure during shear loading when compared to a biphasic construct composed of nucleus pulposus-bone substitute only. This study demonstrates that it is possible to generate a multi-component construct with the incorporation of a CEP-like layer resulting in improved bone substitute-to-IVD tissue interface characteristics.

Keywords
Intervertebral disc; Nucleus pulposus; Cartilage endplate; Interface shear strength; Biomaterial
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Formation of a nucleus pulposus-cartilage endplate construct in vitro
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 3, January 2006, Pages 397–405
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us