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Biophysical and chemical effects of fibrin on mesenchymal stromal cell gene expression

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1183 78 2010 10 PDF Available
Title
Biophysical and chemical effects of fibrin on mesenchymal stromal cell gene expression
Abstract

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells that have high expansion yields and fibrin is a native extracellular matrix (ECM) material widely used for cell delivery and surgery. MSCs and fibrin have tremendous potential for tissue engineering applications, but the effect of fibrin on MSCs is not well characterized. The purpose of this study was to analyze the role of fibrin in modulating MSC phenotype by gene expression analysis. The results demonstrate that fibrin up-regulated MSC gene expression of vasculogenic (FLK1, ACTA2, VECAD, SM22 and CNN1), myogenic (MYF5 and MYH13), neurogenic (TH and GFAP) and chondrogenic (COL2A1) markers after 5 days incubation. These gene expression results were supported by induction of expression on the protein level for early lineage-specific markers such as ACTA2, FLK1 and MYF5. The ability of fibrin to modulate MSC gene expression was not affected by matrix pore size (80–110 μm diameter) or Young’s modulus (5–25 kPa) and the differential expression of some phenotypic markers could be partially mimicked by other ECM proteins, such as fibronectin and collagen I. In some cases the inductive effect of fibrin on gene expression could be further augmented by the treatment with growth factors such as nerve growth factor. However, the effect of fibrin appeared to be limited, as MSCs did not differentiate into fully mature cells based on immunofluorescence staining after 12 days. This body of work provides a rational approach for studying the interactions of MSC with fibrin, which has important therapeutic implications for the delivery of stem cells.

Keywords
Extracellular matrix; Fibrin; Bone marrow mesenchymal cells; Collagen; Vascular
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Biophysical and chemical effects of fibrin on mesenchymal stromal cell gene expression
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 10, October 2010, Pages 3947–3956
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us