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Micro-architecture of calcium phosphate granules and fibrin glue composites for bone tissue engineering

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11839 761 2006 7 PDF Available
Title
Micro-architecture of calcium phosphate granules and fibrin glue composites for bone tissue engineering
Abstract

Calcium phosphate ceramics are currently used as bone graft substitutes in various types of clinical applications. Fibrin glue is also used in surgery due to its haemostatic, chemotactic and mitogenic properties. By combining these two biomaterials, new composite scaffolds were prepared. In this study, we attempt to analyse whether thrombin concentration in the fibrin glue could influence the properties of the composite. The association between fibrin glue and calcium phosphate ceramic granules was characterized at the ultra structural level. Micro and macroporous biphasic calcium phosphate ceramic granules with a diameter of 1–2 mm composed of hydroxyapatite and beta-tricalcium phosphate (60/40) were associated to fibrin glue. The composites were observed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy and microcomputed tomography. Fibre thickness, porosity and homogeneity of the fibrin clot were modified by increased the thrombin concentration. Mixing fibrin glue with calcium phosphate granules (1:2) did not modify the microstructure of the fibrin clot in the composite. Nevertheless, thrombin interacted with the bioceramic by inducing the nucleation of crystalline precipitate at the ceramic/fibrin glue interface. Combining fibrin sealant and calcium phosphate ceramics could lead to new scaffolds for bone tissue engineering with the synergy of the properties of the two biomaterials.

Keywords
Biphasic calcium phosphate; Fibrin; Composite; Scaffold; Bone tissue engineering
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Micro-architecture of calcium phosphate granules and fibrin glue composites for bone tissue engineering
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 13, May 2006, Pages 2716–2722
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us