fulltext.study @t Gmail

Evaluation of the anterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament, achilles tendon and patellar tendon as cell sources for tissue-engineered ligament

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11843 761 2006 8 PDF Available
Title
Evaluation of the anterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament, achilles tendon and patellar tendon as cell sources for tissue-engineered ligament
Abstract

This study investigated four different connective tissue cell types to determine which cell type should be the source for seeding a tissue-engineered anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) replacement. Cells derived from the ACL, medial collateral ligament (MCL), achilles tendon (AT), and patellar tendon (PT) of New Zealand White rabbits were isolated and cultured. Each cell type was cultured in vitro after seeding on three-dimensional (3-D) braided polymer scaffolds and on tissue culture polystyrene that served as a control. Samples were evaluated and compared for their morphology, proliferation, and gene expression of fibronectin, type I and type III collagen. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) photomicrographs verified cell attachment of all four types of connective tissue fibroblasts to the scaffolds. Preliminary results comparing proliferation indicate that cells obtained from the PT and AT have the fastest proliferation. Whereas gene expression of the phenotypic markers measured using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) indicates ACL cells have the highest gene expression for the matrix markers. This leads to the question of which cell type should be the cell source for tissue-engineering of ligament, the highly proliferating cells or the differentiated matrix producing cells. This study would suggest that ACL differentiated matrix producing cells are the most suitable cells for further study and development of a tissue-engineered ligament.

Keywords
Tissue engineering; Ligament; Tendon; Scaffold; Biomaterials; Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)
First Page Preview
Evaluation of the anterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament, achilles tendon and patellar tendon as cell sources for tissue-engineered ligament
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 13, May 2006, Pages 2747–2754
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us