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Biological characterisation of vascular grafts cultured in a bioreactor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11909 766 2006 8 PDF Available
Title
Biological characterisation of vascular grafts cultured in a bioreactor
Abstract

In this study, the development is described of a tissue-engineered construct mimicking the structure of a natural blood vessel. Smooth muscle cells (SMC) were cultured under pulsatile flow conditions in porous tubular scaffolds composed of crosslinked type I insoluble collagen and insoluble elastin. Under these dynamic culture conditions, average wall shear rate, systolic and diastolic pressures and pressure wave-forms comparable to conditions in the human carotid artery were obtained. Culturing of SMC in tubular scaffolds under dynamic conditions resulted in enhanced tissue formation compared to static conditions. Higher SMC numbers, a more homogeneous distribution of SMC throughout the scaffolds and higher collagen mRNA expression levels were found when cells were cultured under dynamic compared to static conditions. mRNA expression levels of markers of proliferation and apoptosis showed that the higher cell numbers in the scaffolds cultured under dynamic conditions can be explained by increased cell proliferation but not by decreased apoptosis. Glucose consumption and lactate formation by the cells showed that cell metabolism was more aerobic under dynamic compared to static conditions. Lining of the dynamically cultured constructs with a luminal monolayer of endothelial cells might result in vessels suitable for in vivo applications.

Keywords
Vascular tissue engineering; Smooth muscle cells; Collagen; Elastin; Cell proliferation; Apoptosis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 11, April 2006, Pages 2390–2397
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us