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Injectable and macroporous calcium phosphate cement scaffold

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11968 770 2006 9 PDF Available
Title
Injectable and macroporous calcium phosphate cement scaffold
Abstract

Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) can be molded and self-hardens in vivo to form resorbable hydroxyapatite with excellent osteoconductivity. The objective of this study was to develop an injectable, macroporous and strong CPC, and to investigate the effects of porogen and absorbable fibers. Water-soluble mannitol was used as porogen and mixed with CPC at mass fractions from 0% to 50%. CPC with 0–40% mannitol was fully extruded under a syringe force of 10 n. The paste with 50% mannitol required a 100-N force which extruded only 66% of the paste. At fiber volume fraction of 0–5%, the paste was completely extruded. However, at 6% and 7.5% fibers, some fibers were left in the syringe after the paste was extruded. The injectable CPC scaffold had a flexural strength (mean±sd; n=5n=5) of (3.2±1.0) MPa, which approached the reported strengths for sintered porous hydroxyapatite implants and cancellous bone. In summary, the injectability of a ceramic scaffold, a macroporous CPC, was studies for the first time. Processing parameters were tailored to achieve high injectability, macroporosity, and strength. The injectable and strong CPC scaffold may be useful in surgical sites that are not freely accessible by open surgery or when using minimally invasive techniques.

Keywords
Calcium phosphate cement; Injectability; Macroporous scaffold; Strength; Bone repair
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 24, August 2006, Pages 4279–4287
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us