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Hemocompatibility evaluation of poly(glycerol-sebacate) in vitro for vascular tissue engineering

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11972 770 2006 10 PDF Available
Title
Hemocompatibility evaluation of poly(glycerol-sebacate) in vitro for vascular tissue engineering
Abstract

Poly(glycerol-sebacate) (PGS) is an elastomeric biodegradable polyester that could potentially be used to engineer blood vessels in vivo. However, its blood-material interactions are unknown. The objectives of this study were to: (a) fabricate PGS-based biphasic tubular scaffolds and (b) assess the blood compatibility of PGS in vitro in order to get some insight into its potential use in vivo. PGS was incorporated into biphasic scaffolds by dip-coating glass rods with PGS pre-polymer. The thrombogenicity (platelet adhesion and aggregation) and inflammatory potential (IL-1β and TNFα expression) of PGS were evaluated using fresh human blood and a human monocyte cell line (THP-1). The activation of the clotting system was assessed via measurement of tissue factor expression on THP-1 cells, plasma recalcification times, and whole blood clotting times. Glass, tissue culture plastic (TCP), poly(l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), and expanded polytetrafluorethylene (ePTFE) were used as reference materials. Biphasic scaffolds with PGS as the blood-contacting surface were successfully fabricated. Relative to glass (100%), platelet attachment on ePTFE, PLGA and PGS was 61%, 100%, and 28%, respectively. PGS elicited a significantly lower release of IL-1β and TNFα from THP-1 cells than ePTFE and PLGA. Similarly, relative to all reference materials, tissue factor expression by THP-1 cells was decreased when exposed to PGS. Plasma recalcification and whole blood clotting profiles of PGS were comparable to or better than those of the reference polymers tested.

Keywords
Hemocompatibility; Blood compatibility; Coagulation; Thrombosis; Vascular grafts; Tissue engineering
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 24, August 2006, Pages 4315–4324
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us