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Study of osteoblastic cells in a microfluidic environment

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11987 771 2006 10 PDF Available
Title
Study of osteoblastic cells in a microfluidic environment
Abstract

Bone tissue engineering consists of culturing osteoblastic cells onto synthetic three-dimensional (3D) porous scaffolds. The organization of bone cells into 3D scaffolds is crucial for ex vivo tissue formation. Diffusional rates of nutrients could be greatly improved by perfusing media through the 3D microporous scaffolds. However, bone cells cultured in vitro are responsive to a variety of different mechanical signals including fluid flow and shear stresses. In this work, we attempt to study osteoblastic cells behaviour cultured within microdevices allowing continuous and homogenous feeding of cells. We have fabricated polydimethylsiloxane PDMS microdevices with a 3D microstructured channel network. Mouse calvarial osteoblastic cells MC3T3-E1 were seeded at 2×106 cells/ml and cultured into the microdevices under flow rates of 0, 5, 35 μl/min. Cells attached and proliferated well in the designed microdevices. Cell viability was found around 85% up to 1 to 2 weeks for shear stress value under 5 mPa. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was enhanced 3- and 7.5-fold inside the microdevices under static and dynamic flow of 5 μl/min as compared to flat static cultures in PDMS coated Petri dishes. Therefore, osteoblastic cells could be successfully cultured inside the microdevices under dynamic conditions and their ALP activity was enhanced. These results are promising for bone cell growth and differentiation as well as future tissue regeneration using larger 3D microfluidic microdevices.

Keywords
Microdevices; Dynamic cell cultures; Osteoblast; Bone tissue engineering
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 4, February 2006, Pages 586–595
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us