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The effect of patient gait on the material properties of UHMWPE in hip replacements

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12068 776 2005 9 PDF Available
Title
The effect of patient gait on the material properties of UHMWPE in hip replacements
Abstract

The wear of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) acetabular components in total hip replacements (THRs) has been shown to be highly dependent on the direction of shear. Greatly reduced wear rates have been reported for unidirectional, compared to multidirectional, articulation in vitro. This work for the first time enables investigation of a relationship between clinical wear conditions, as determined by patient gait path, and the mechanical and structural changes that occur within the UHMWPE acetabular component. Individual patients’ wear paths were determined prior to revision operation from hip joint kinematics measured by clinical gait analysis. The material properties of the acetabular components removed during the revision operation were subsequently analysed. A technique using Fourier transform infra- red analysis (FTIR) was developed to quantify the orientation of the individual UHMWPE lamellae. This study shows that there is a direct relationship between a patient's clinical gait path and the molecular properties of their UHMWPE acetabular socket. Patient kinematics are an important factor affecting the wear and long-term biocompatibility of UHMWPE used as a bearing surface in THR.

Keywords
Wear mechanism; Polyethylene; Hip replacement prosthesis; FTIR; Crystallinity
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The effect of patient gait on the material properties of UHMWPE in hip replacements
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 24, August 2005, Pages 4993–5001
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us