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Insight into membrane selectivity of linear and branched polyethylenimines and their potential as biocides for advanced wound dressings

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
121 10 2016 10 PDF Available
Title
Insight into membrane selectivity of linear and branched polyethylenimines and their potential as biocides for advanced wound dressings
Abstract

We report here structure-property relationship between linear and branched polyethylene imines by examining their antimicrobial activities against wide range of pathogens. Both the polymers target the cytoplasmic membrane of bacteria and yeasts, eliciting rapid microbicidal properties. Using multiscale molecular dynamic simulations, we showed that, in both fully or partially protonated forms LPEI discriminates between mammalian and bacterial model membranes whereas BPEI lacks selectivity for both the model membranes. Simulation results suggest that LPEI forms weak complex with the zwitterionic lipids whereas the side chain amino groups of BPEI sequester the zwitterionic lipids by forming tight complex. Consistent with these observations, label-free cell impedance measurements, cell viability assays and high content analysis indicate that BPEI is cytotoxic to human epithelial and fibroblasts cells. Crosslinking of BPEI onto electrospun gelatin mats attenuate the cytotoxicity for fibroblasts while retaining the antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive and yeasts strains. PEI crosslinked gelatin mats elicit bactericidal activity by contact-mediated killing and durable to leaching for 7 days. The potent antimicrobial activity combined with enhanced selectivity of the crosslinked ES gelatin mats would expand the arsenel of biocides in the management of superficial skin infections. The contact-mediated microbicidal properties may avert antimicrobial resistance and expand the diversity of applications to prevent microbial contamination.Statement of SignificanceCurrent commercially available advanced wound dressings are either impregnated with metallic silver or silver salts which have side effects or may not avert antimicrobial resistance. In this article, we have used multidisciplinary approach comprising of computational, chemical and biological methods to understand the antimicrobial properties and biocompatibility of linear (LPEI) and branched (BPEI) polyethylenimines. We then applied this knowledge to develop dual purpose wound dressings containing these polymers, which encourages healing while maintain antimicrobial activity. In addition, the approach can be expanded to rationalize the antimicrobial vs. cytotoxicity of other cationic polymers and the method of crosslinking would enhance their potentials as biocides for advanced materials.

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Keywords
Molecular dynamics; Membrane selectivity; Polyethylenimine; Electrospinning; Contact-mediated antibacterials
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 37, June 2016, Pages 155–164
Authors
, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us