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Cytotoxicity of thermosensitive polymers poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) and amphiphilically modified poly(N-vinylcaprolactam)

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12254 786 2005 10 PDF Available
Title
Cytotoxicity of thermosensitive polymers poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) and amphiphilically modified poly(N-vinylcaprolactam)
Abstract

Thermosensitive polymers poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM), poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) (PVCL) and PVCL grafted with amphiphilic poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) chains (PVCL-graft-C11EO42) were prepared and characterized and their putative cytotoxicity was evaluated. The cytotoxicity of these thermosensitive polymers and their monomers was investigated as a function of polymer concentration, incubation time and incubation temperature by using 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) cytotoxicity tests in Caco-2 and Calu-3 cell cultures. Also, the influence of the chain end functionality on toxicity was examined. Viability (MTT) and cellular damage (LDH) of the cells were shown to be dependent on the surface properties of the polymers, hydrophilicity or hydrophobicity. Hydrophilic PVCL and PVCL-graft-C11EO42 were well tolerated at all polymer concentrations (0.1–10.0 mg/ml) after 3 h of incubation at room temperature and at physiological temperature (37 °C). The more hydrophobic PNIPAM induced more clear cellular cytotoxicity at 37 °C. The monomers N-isopropylacrylamide and vinylcaprolactam and PEO-macromonomer showed dramatically higher cytotoxicity values with respect to the corresponding polymers. Cell damage was directly dependent on concentration, temperature and incubation time.

Keywords
Cytotoxicity; Thermosensitive polymers; PVCL; PNIPAM; MTT test; LDH test
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Cytotoxicity of thermosensitive polymers poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) and amphiphilically modified poly(N-vinylcaprolactam)
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 16, June 2005, Pages 3055–3064
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us