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Accelerated chondrocyte functions on NaOH-treated PLGA scaffolds

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12256 786 2005 8 PDF Available
Title
Accelerated chondrocyte functions on NaOH-treated PLGA scaffolds
Abstract

Compared to conventional poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), previous studies have shown that NaOH-treated PLGA two-dimensional substrates enhanced functions of osteoblasts (bone-forming cells), vascular and bladder smooth muscle cells, and chondrocytes (cartilage-synthesizing cells). In this same spirit, the purpose of this in vitro study was to fabricate three-dimensional NaOH-treated PLGA scaffolds and determine their efficacy toward articular cartilage applications. To improve functions of chondrocytes including their adhesion, growth, differentiation, and extracellular matrix synthesis, PLGA scaffolds were modified via chemical etching techniques using 1 N NaOH for 10 min. Results demonstrated that NaOH-treated PLGA three-dimensional scaffolds enhanced chondrocyte functions compared to non-treated scaffolds. Specifically, chondrocyte numbers, total intracellular protein content, and the amount of extracellular matrix components (such as glycosaminoglycans and collagens) were significantly greater on NaOH-treated than on non-treated PLGA scaffolds. Underlying material properties that may have enhanced chondrocyte functions include a more hydrophilic surface (due to hydrolytic degradation of PLGA by NaOH), increased surface area, altered porosity (both percent and diameter of individual pores), and a greater degree of nanometer roughness. For these reasons, this study adds a novel tissue-engineering scaffold to the cartilage biomaterial community: NaOH-treated PLGA. Clearly, such modifications to PLGA may ultimately enhance the efficacy of tissue-engineering scaffolds for articular cartilage repair.

Keywords
PLGA; Articular cartilage; Chondrocyte; NaOH treatment; Scaffold
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Accelerated chondrocyte functions on NaOH-treated PLGA scaffolds
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 16, June 2005, Pages 3075–3082
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us