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Covalently immobilized gradients of bFGF on hydrogel scaffolds for directed cell migration

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12271 786 2005 8 PDF Available
Title
Covalently immobilized gradients of bFGF on hydrogel scaffolds for directed cell migration
Abstract

Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was immobilized to hydrogel scaffolds with retention of mitogenic and chemotactic activity. The bFGF was functionalized in order to incorporate it covalently within polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel scaffolds by reaction with acryloyl-PEG-NHS. Hydrogels were formed by exposing aqueous solutions of PEG diacrylate, acryloyl-PEG-RGDS, and acryloyl-PEG-bFGF to long-wavelength ultraviolet light in the presence of a photoinitiator. These bFGF-modified hydrogels with RGD adhesion sites were evaluated for their effect on vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) behavior, increasing SMC proliferation by ∼41% and migration by ∼15%. A covalently immobilized bFGF gradient was formed using a gradient maker to pour the hydrogel precursor solutions and then photopolymerizing to lock in the concentration gradient. Silver staining was used to detect the bFGF gradient, which increased linearly along the hydrogel's length. Cells were observed to align on hydrogels modified with a bFGF gradient in the direction of increasing tethered bFGF concentration as early as 24 h after seeding. SMCs also migrated differentially, up the concentration gradient, on bFGF-gradient hydrogels compared to control hydrogels with and without a constant bFGF concentration. These hydrogel scaffolds may be useful for studying protein gradient effects on cell behavior and for directing cell migration in tissue-engineering applications.

Keywords
Tissue engineering; Hydrogel; Basic fibroblast growth factor; Gradient; Migration; Smooth muscle cell
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Covalently immobilized gradients of bFGF on hydrogel scaffolds for directed cell migration
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 16, June 2005, Pages 3227–3234
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us