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Functional compressive mechanics of a PVA/PVP nucleus pulposus replacement

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12292 788 2006 9 PDF Available
Title
Functional compressive mechanics of a PVA/PVP nucleus pulposus replacement
Abstract

Emerging techniques as an alternative to the current treatments of lower back pain include nucleus replacement by an artificial material, which aims to relieve pain and restore the normal spinal motion. The compressive mechanical behavior of the PVA/PVP hydrogel nucleus implant was assessed in the present study.PVA/PVP hydrogels were made with various PVP concentrations. The hydrogels were loaded statically under unconfined and confined conditions. Hydrogels were tested dynamically up to 10 million cycles for a compression fatigue. Also, hydrogel nucleus implants with a line-to-line fit, were implanted in the human cadaveric intervertebral discs (IVD) to determine the compressional behavior of the implanted discs.Hydrogel samples exhibited typical non-linear response under both unconfined and confined compressions. Properties of the confinement ring dictated the observed response. Hydrogel moduli and polymer content were not different pre- and post-fatigues. Slight geometrical changes (mostly recoverable) were observed post-fatigue. In cadavers, hydrogels restored the compressive stiffness of the denucleated disc when compared with equivalent condition of the IVD.The results of this study demonstrate that PVA/PVP hydrogels may be viable as nucleus pulposus implants. Further studies under complex loading conditions are warranted to better assess its potential as a replacement to the degenerated nucleus pulposus.

Keywords
Intervertebral disc; Hydrogel; Mechanical test; Spinal implant; Nucleus pulposus
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 2, January 2006, Pages 176–184
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us