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Systematic variation of interfacial phase reactivity in dental nanocomposites

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12306 789 2005 9 PDF Available
Title
Systematic variation of interfacial phase reactivity in dental nanocomposites
Abstract

This study was designed to determine the effect of varying the chemistry of the interfacial phase on critical composite properties in dental nanocomposite materials. Silica nanoparticles were silanized with varying ratios of 3-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTMS) and octyltrimethoxysilane (OTMS) while keeping the total amount of silane constant at 10% by mass fraction relative to the mass of filler. The silanized nanoparticles were mixed into a dimethacrylate resin (60% filler by mass fraction). The mechanical properties of the uncured pastes were assessed by compression testing between parallel plates. The composites were photo-cured and tested by biaxial flexure and three-point bend flexure testing. Fracture surfaces were analyzed by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). At maximized filler mass fractions, the workabilities of the uncured pastes were better maintained as the fraction of OTMS in the interphase increased relative to MPTMS. The flexure strengths and moduli of the MPTMS silanized and dual silanized composites were similar but decreased as OTMS mass fractions in the silane mixture increased to 7.5% and 10%. FE-SEM images revealed evidence for phase separation in the composites containing silica silanized with high fractions of OTMS. Among the potential practical benefits of dual silanized nanoparticles are the improved workability of composite pastes with higher filler loadings that should lead to higher modulus composites with lower polymerization shrinkage.

Keywords
Composite; Dental restorative material; Mechanical properties; Nanoparticle; Silane; Surface treatment
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Systematic variation of interfacial phase reactivity in dental nanocomposites
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 25, September 2005, Pages 5095–5103
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us