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Residual aluminum oxide on the surface of titanium implants has no effect on osseointegration

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12349 790 2003 9 PDF Available
Title
Residual aluminum oxide on the surface of titanium implants has no effect on osseointegration
Abstract

The cleanliness of titanium dental implants surfaces is considered to be an important requirement for achieving osseointegration, and it has been hypothesized that the presence of inorganic contaminants could lead to lack of clinical success. Aluminum ions are suspected to impair bone formation by a possible competitive action to calcium. The objective of the present study was to describe the effects of residual aluminum oxide particles on the implant surface on the integration of titanium dental implants as compared to decontaminated implants in a rabbit experimental model. Threaded screw-shaped machined grade 3 c.p. titanium dental implants, produced with high-precision equipment, were used in this study. The implants were sandblasted with 100–120 μm Al2O3 particles at a 5 atm pressure for 1 min, then 24 implants (control implants) underwent ASTM F 86-68 decontamination process in an ultrasonic bath. The other 24 implants (test implants) were washed in saline solution for 15 min. Both test and control implants were air-dried and sterilized at 120°C for 30 min. After sterilization the implants were inserted into the tibiae (two test and two control implants in each rabbit). Twelve New Zealand white mature male rabbits were used in this study. The protocol of the study was approved by the Ethical Committee of our University. No complications or deaths occurred in the postoperative period. All animals were euthanized, with an overdose of intravenous pentobarbital, after 4 weeks. A total of 48 implants were retrieved. The images were analyzed for quantitation of percentage of surface covered by inorganic particles, bone–implant contact, multinucleated cells or osteoclasts in contact with the implant surface and multinucleated cells or osteoclasts found 3 mm from the implant surface. The differences in the percentages between the two groups have been evaluated with the analysis of variance. The implant surface covered by inorganic particles on test implants was significantly higher than that of control implants (p=0.0000). No statistically significant differences were found in the bone–implant contact percentages of test and control implants (p=0.377). No statistically significant differences were found in the number of multinucleated cells and osteoclasts in contact with the implant surface (p=0.304), and at a distance of 3 mm from the implant surface (p=0.362). In conclusion, our histological results do not provide evidence to support the hypothesis that residual aluminum oxide particles on the implant surface could affect the osseointegration of titanium dental implants.

Keywords
Aluminum oxide; Blasting procedure; Osseointegration; Surface cleanliness
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Residual aluminum oxide on the surface of titanium implants has no effect on osseointegration
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 24, Issue 22, October 2003, Pages 4081–4089
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us