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Physicochemical characterisation and biological evaluation of hydrogel-poly(ε-caprolactone) interpenetrating polymer networks as novel urinary biomaterials

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12368 791 2005 10 PDF Available
Title
Physicochemical characterisation and biological evaluation of hydrogel-poly(ε-caprolactone) interpenetrating polymer networks as novel urinary biomaterials
Abstract

Hydrogels are frequently employed as medical device biomaterials due to their advantageous biological properties, e.g. resistance to infection and encrustation, biocompatibility; however, their poor mechanical properties generally limit the scope of application to coatings of medical devices. To address this limitation, this study described the formulation of sequential interpenetrating polymer networks (IPN) of poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and poly(hydroxyethylmethacrylate) (p(HEMA)). IPN containing 20% w/w PCL, p(HEMA), both in the presence or absence of ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA 1% w/w), were prepared by free radical polymerisation. Following preparation the degradation and the mechanical and surface properties of the biomaterials and, in addition, the resistances to microbial adherence and encrustation in vitro were examined. In comparison to p(HEMA) the various IPN exhibited substantially greater tensile properties (ultimate tensile strength, % elongation, Young's modulus) that were accredited to the discrete distribution of PCL within the hydrogel network. The IPN exhibited two glass transition temperatures that were statistically similar to those of the individual components, thereby providing evidence of the immiscible nature of the two polymers. The IPN possessed higher receding contact angles and lower equilibrium water contents in comparison to p(HEMA), whereas the limited degradation of the IPN at both pH 7 and 9 was deemed suitable for clinical usage for periods of at least 4 weeks. The resistances of the various IPN to bacterial adherence and urinary encrustation were examined using in vitro models. Importantly the resistance of the IPN to encrustation was, in general, similar to that of p(HEMA) but greater than that of PCL whereas, the resistance of the IPN to bacterial adherence was frequently greater than that of p(HEMA) and PCL. Therefore, this study has shown that the mechanical properties of p(HEMA) may be substantially increased by the formation of IPN with PCL whilst maintaining other appropriate physicochemical properties and resistances to urinary encrustation and bacterial adherence. It is suggested that these IPN may be suitable for device fabrication thereby expanding the manufacturing application of hydrogels without compromising their potential clinical efficacy.

Keywords
Poly(HEMA); Polycaprolactone; Interpenetrating polymer networks; Mechanical properties; Bacterial adherence; Encrustation
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Physicochemical characterisation and biological evaluation of hydrogel-poly(ε-caprolactone) interpenetrating polymer networks as novel urinary biomaterials
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 14, May 2005, Pages 1761–1770
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us