The effect of bioactive glass content on synthesis and bioactivity of composite poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)/bioactive glass substrate for tissue engineering
Tissue engineering offers a promising new approach to bone tissue grafting. One material that has received attention in this regard is the polymer poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA). It has the advantage of controllable bioresorption and ease of processing. Another material of interest is bioactive glass (BG), which shows the ability to stimulate osteoblastic differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells. In this study, we reported on the optimal synthesis parameters and the kinetics of formation of calcium phosphate (Ca-P) phase at the surface of PLGA/BG composites. The formation of calcium phosphate layer was confirmed using scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM/EDXA). PLGA-30%BG microspheres based porous scaffolds for bone tissue engineering were examined for their ability to promote osteogenesis of marrow stromal cells (MSC). This porous scaffold supported both MSC proliferation and promoted MSC differentiation into cells expressing the osteoblast phenotype. It therefore demonstrates significant potential as a bone replacement material.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 14, May 2005, Pages 1935–1943