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Self-gelling hydrogels based on oppositely charged dextran microspheres

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12406 791 2005 7 PDF Available
Title
Self-gelling hydrogels based on oppositely charged dextran microspheres
Abstract

This paper presents a novel self-gelling hydrogel potentially suitable for controlled drug delivery and tissue engineering. The macroscopic gels are obtained by mixing dispersions of oppositely charged crosslinked dextran microspheres. These microspheres in turn were prepared by crosslinking of dextran derivatized with hydroxyethyl methacrylate emulsified in an aqueous poly(ethylene glycol) solution. Negatively or positively charged microspheres were obtained by addition of methacrylic acid (MAA) or dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) to the polymerization mixture. Rheological analysis showed that instantaneous gelation occurred when equal volumes of oppositely charged microspheres, dispersed in buffer solutions of pH 7, were mixed. The shear modulus of the networks could be tailored from 30 to 6500 Pa by varying the water content of the system. Moreover, controlled strain and creep experiments showed that the formed networks were mainly elastic. Importantly for application of these systems, e.g. as controlled matrix of pharmaceutically active proteins, it was demonstrated that the hydrogel system has a reversible yield point, meaning that above a certain applied stress, the system starts to flow, whereas when the stress is removed, gel formation occurred. Further it was shown that the network structure could be broken by either a low pH or a high ionic strength of the medium. This demonstrates that the networks, formed at pH 7 and at low ionic strength, are held together by ionic interactions between the oppositely charged dextran microspheres. This system holds promise as injectable gels that are suitable for drug delivery and tissue engineering applications.

Keywords
Injectable hydrogels; Dextran microspheres; Ionic interactions; Viscoelasticity; Drug delivery; Tissue engineering
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Self-gelling hydrogels based on oppositely charged dextran microspheres
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 14, May 2005, Pages 2129–2135
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us