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The tensile properties of alginate hydrogels

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12421 792 2004 13 PDF Available
Title
The tensile properties of alginate hydrogels
Abstract

Alginate hydrogels are currently being employed and explored for a broad range of medical applications including cell encapsulation, drug delivery, and tissue engineering. In these capacities, knowledge of the mechanical and material properties of the hydrogels and the properties that govern and influence them is necessary to adequately design and effectively use these systems. Although much is known about the mechanical properties of alginate in compression and shear, little is known about the tensile characteristics. Thus, an extensive tensile assessment of alginate hydrogels was completed as a function of alginate type, formulation, gelling conditions, incubation, and strain rate. In general, the initial tensile behavior and properties of alginate hydrogels were highly dependent on the choice of the alginate polymer and how it was processed. Specifically, high guluronic acid containing alginate polymers yielded stronger, more ductile hydrogels than high mannuronic acid containing alginates. The ultimate stress, ultimate strain, and tensile modulus were decreased by increased phosphate concentrations, solution reconstitution with phosphate buffered saline instead of culture media, and peptide modification. Incubation of hydrogels for at least 7 days diminished many of the initial tensile property differences associated with formulation and gelling conditions. Overall, by controlling the specific alginate polymer and processing methods, a wide range of tensile properties are available from these hydrogels.

Keywords
Tissue engineering; Biomaterial design; Mechanical tensile testing; Polymer scaffold materials; Pronova MVG; Pronova MVM; FMC Protanal LF 200S
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The tensile properties of alginate hydrogels
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 25, Issue 16, July 2004, Pages 3187–3199
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us