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Tissue engineering of human cartilage and osteochondral composites using recirculation bioreactors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12459 793 2005 13 PDF Available
Title
Tissue engineering of human cartilage and osteochondral composites using recirculation bioreactors
Abstract

Chondrocytes isolated from human foetal epiphyseal cartilage were seeded dynamically into polyglycolic acid (PGA) scaffolds and cultured in recirculation column bioreactors to produce tissue-engineered cartilage. Several culture techniques with the potential to provide endogenous growth factors and other conditions beneficial for de novo cartilage synthesis were investigated. Osteochondral composite constructs were generated by seeding separate PGA scaffolds with either foetal chondrocytes or foetal osteoblasts then suturing the scaffolds together before bioreactor cultivation. This type of co-culture system provided direct contact between the tissue-engineered cartilage and developing tissue-engineered bone and yielded significant improvements in cartilage quality. In the cartilage section of the composites, the concentrations of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and total collagen were increased by 55% and 2.5-fold, respectively, compared with control cartilage cultures, while levels of collagen type II were similar to those in the controls. The osteochondral composites were harvested from the bioreactors as single units with good integration between the cartilage and bone tissues. Only the cartilage layer contained GAG while only the bone layer was mineralised. In other experiments, co-culture of tissue-engineered cartilage with pieces of ex-vivo cartilage or ex-vivo bone did not improve the quality of the cartilage relative to control cultures. Addition of 10−6 m diacerein to the culture medium also had no effect on the properties of engineered cartilage. This work demonstrates the beneficial effects of generating cartilage tissues in contact with developing bone. It also demonstrates the feasibility of producing composite osteochondral constructs for clinical application using recirculation column bioreactors.

Keywords
Bioreactor; Bone tissue engineering; Cartilage tissue engineering; Co-culture; Osteochondral composite; Polyglycolic acid
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Tissue engineering of human cartilage and osteochondral composites using recirculation bioreactors
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 34, December 2005, Pages 7012–7024
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us