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Liquid filled nanoparticles as a drug delivery tool for protein therapeutics

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12473 793 2005 10 PDF Available
Title
Liquid filled nanoparticles as a drug delivery tool for protein therapeutics
Abstract

In the present study, an attempt was made to study the feasibility of nanoparticulate adsorbents in the presence of an absorption enhancer, as a drug delivery tool for the administration of erythropoietin (EPO) to the small intestine. Liquid filled nano- and micro-particles (LFNPS/LFMPS) were prepared using solid adsorbents such as porous silicon dioxide (Sylysia 550), carbon nanotubes (CNTs), carbon nanohorns, fullerene, charcoal and bamboo charcoal. Surfactants such as a saturated polyglycolysed C8–C18 glyceride (Gelucire 44/14), PEG-8 capryl/caprylic acid glycerides (Labrasol) and polyoxyethylene hydrogenated castor oil derivative (HCO-60) were used as an absorption enhancer at 50 mg/kg along with casein/lactoferrin as enzyme inhibitors. The absorption of EPO was studied by measuring serum EPO levels by an ELISA method after small intestinal administration of EPO-LFNPS preparation to rats at the EPO dose level of 100 IU/kg. Among the adsorbents studied, CNTs showed the highest serum EPO level of 62.7±11.6 mIU/ml. In addition, with the use of casein, EPO absorption was improved, CmaxCmax 143.1±15.2 mIU/ml. Labrasol showed the highest absorption enhancing effect after intra-jejunum administration than Gelucire 44/14 and HCO-60, 25.6±3.2 and 22.2±3.6 mIU/ml, respectively. Jejunum was found to be the best absorption site for the absorption of EPO from LFNPS. The use of CNTs as LFNPS, improved the bioavailability of EPO to 11.5% following intra-small intestinal administration.

Keywords
Erythropoietin; Carbon nanotubes; Labrasol; Gelucire 44/14; HCO-60; Nanoparticles
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 34, December 2005, Pages 7154–7163
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us