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Antibacterial activity of bactericide-immobilized filler for resin-based restoratives

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12533 795 2003 5 PDF Available
Title
Antibacterial activity of bactericide-immobilized filler for resin-based restoratives
Abstract

This study examined the antibacterial activity of prepolymerized resin filler, in which the bactericide quaternary ammonium was immobilized. The experimental filler was prepared by grinding prepolymerized resin blocks of methacrylate monomers, silica particles, and the antibacterial monomer methacryloyloxydodecylpyridinium bromide (MDPB). The number of Streptococcus mutans after incubation for 18 h in contact with the experimental filler with or without protein adsorption by saliva treatment was determined, and adherence of bacteria to the filler surface was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. Elution of unpolymerized MDPB from the filler and its influence on bacterial growth were also investigated. The growth of S. mutans was completely inhibited by contact with the experimental filler without saliva treatment. Although the effects were attenuated, the saliva-treated filler still exhibited growth inhibition at >99.9%. Less bacteria attached to the experimental filler than the control filler without MDPB, indicating that the reduction in bacterial number after contact with the experimental filler was not due to bacterial adherence to the particles. Unpolymerized MDPB at 1 μg/ml was eluted from the filler particles but was confirmed to have little effect on bacterial growth. The results indicate that the bactericide-immobilized filler containing MDPB shows significant bacteriostatic effects without releasing antibacterial components, and is useful for incorporation into various resin-based restoratives.

Keywords
Antibacterial effects; Filler; Resin-based materials; Quaternary ammonium; Antibacterial monomer
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Antibacterial activity of bactericide-immobilized filler for resin-based restoratives
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 24, Issue 20, September 2003, Pages 3605–3609
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us