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Dexamethasone-loaded scaffolds prepared by supercritical-assisted phase inversion

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1262 80 2009 9 PDF Available
Title
Dexamethasone-loaded scaffolds prepared by supercritical-assisted phase inversion
Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility of preparing dexamethasone-loaded starch-based porous matrices in a one-step process. Supercritical phase inversion technique was used to prepare composite scaffolds of dexamethasone and a polymeric blend of starch and poly(l-lactic acid) (SPLA) for tissue engineering purposes. Dexamethasone is used in osteogenic media to direct the differentiation of stem cells towards the osteogenic lineage. Samples with different drug concentrations (5–15 wt.% polymer) were prepared at 200 bar and 55 °C. The presence of dexamethasone did not affect the porosity or interconnectivity of the polymeric matrices. Water uptake and degradation studies were also performed on SPLA scaffolds. We conclude that SPLA matrices prepared by supercritical phase inversion have a swelling degree of nearly 90% and the material presents a weight loss of ∼25% after 21 days in solution. Furthermore, in vitro drug release studies were carried out and the results show that a sustained release of dexamethasone was achieved over 21 days. The fitting of the power law to the experimental data demonstrated that drug release is governed by an anomalous transport, i.e., both the drug diffusion and the swelling of the matrix influence the release of dexamethasone out of the scaffold. The kinetic constant was also determined. This study reports the feasibility of using supercritical fluid technology to process in one step a porous matrix loaded with a pharmaceutical agent for tissue engineering purposes.

Keywords
Supercritical fluids; PLLA; Drug delivery; Tissue engineering; Phase inversion
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Dexamethasone-loaded scaffolds prepared by supercritical-assisted phase inversion
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 5, Issue 6, July 2009, Pages 2054–2062
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us