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In vivo evaluation of plasma-sprayed wollastonite coating

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12724 814 2005 6 PDF Available
Title
In vivo evaluation of plasma-sprayed wollastonite coating
Abstract

Wollastonite coatings were prepared by plasma spraying. The bioactivity of wollastonite coatings was investigated in vivo by implanting in dog's muscle, cortical bone and marrow, respectively. The behaviour of bone tissue around wollastonite coatings were examined by histological and SEM observation. After 1 month in the muscle, a bone-like apatite layer was found to form on the surface of the wollastonite coating. When implanted in cortical bone, histological observation demonstrated that bone tissue could extend and grow along the surface of the wollastonite coating. The coating bonded directly to the bone without any fibrous tissue, indicating good biocompatibility and bone conductivity. SEM and EDS analysis revealed that bone did not bond to wollastonite coating directly, but through a Ca/P layer. This suggested that the formation of bone-like apatite layer was very important for bonding to the bone tissue. The amount of bone–implant contact was also measured. Wollastonite coating was shown to stimulate more bone formation on its surface than titanium coating after implantation for 1 month, enhancing the short-term osseointegration properties of implant. The test in marrow indicated that wollastonite coatings could induce new bone formation on their surface showing good bone inductivity property.

Keywords
Wollastonite coating; Plasma spraying; In vivo; Apatite; Bone
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In vivo evaluation of plasma-sprayed wollastonite coating
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 17, June 2005, Pages 3455–3460
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us