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Alginate microcapsules prepared with xyloglucan as a synthetic extracellular matrix for hepatocyte attachment

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12741 814 2005 9 PDF Available
Title
Alginate microcapsules prepared with xyloglucan as a synthetic extracellular matrix for hepatocyte attachment
Abstract

In this study, xyloglucan (XG) was used as a new synthetic extracellular matrix (ECM) for primary mouse hepatocyte attachment in Ca-alginate (AL) capsules. The rates of hepatocytes adhesion onto collagen type I-, XG-coated and uncoated polystyrene (PS) surface were 89.1%, 91.1% and 25.5%, respectively, at 4 h after incubation at 37 °C. From the inhibition study in a cell adhesion assay, the adhesion rates of freshly isolated hepatocytes and preincubated hepatocytes with 20 mm galactose onto the XG-coated surface were 55.7 and 17.3%, respectively, after 30 min incubation at 37 °C. Flow cytometric analysis showed that the internalization of XG by freshly isolated hepatocytes was stronger than preincubated hepatocytes with 20 mm galactose. The concentration of XG in AL/XG capsules to perform the best liver-specific functions was 0.5 mg/ml, where the highest albumin secretion rates were obtained. The albumin secretion, ammonia elimination rates and cell viability of hepatocytes were slowly decreased with culture time in AL/XG capsules, whereas those were rapidly decreased in AL capsules, indication of the more rapid formation of hepatocyte spheroids in AL/XG capsules than in AL capsules. More than 70% of the seeded hepatocytes in AL/XG capsules participated in spheroid formation after 2 days, whereas most hepatocytes in AL capsules remained as single cells and only a few cells began to form aggregates after 3 days. Intercellular molecule genes, such as connexin (Cx) 32 and E-cadherin, of hepatocyte spheroids in AL or AL/XG capsules were detected by reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction. Cx32 and E-cadherin genes in AL/XG capsules were more rapidly reexpressed and expressed, respectively, than in AL ones. The results suggest that the multicellular spheroid formation of hepatocytes can enhance the liver-specific functions in the three-dimensional space in the presence of XG as a new synthetic ECM owing to the specific interaction between the galactose moieties of XG and asialoglycoprotein receptors of hepatocytes.

Keywords
Hepatocyte; Asialoglycoprotein receptor; Xyloglucan; Alginate; Capsule; Spheroid
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 17, June 2005, Pages 3607–3615
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us