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Development of high-viscosity, two-paste bioactive bone cements

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12752 814 2005 6 PDF Available
Title
Development of high-viscosity, two-paste bioactive bone cements
Abstract

Self-curing two-paste bone cements have been developed using methacrylate monomers with a view to formulate cements with low polymerization exotherm, low shrinkage, better mechanical properties, and improved adhesion to bone and implant surfaces. The monomers include bis-phenol A glycidyl dimethacrylate (bis-GMA), urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) as a viscosity modifier. Two-paste systems were formulated containing 60% by weight of a bioactive ceramic, hydroxyapatite. A methacroyloxy silane (A174) was used as a coupling agent due to its higher water stability in comparison to other aminosilanes to silanate the hydroxyapatite particles prior to composite formulation. A comparison of the FT-infrared spectrum of hydroxyapatite and silanated hydroxyapatite showed the presence of the carbonyl groups (∼1720 cm−1), –C=C–(∼1630 cm−1) and Si–O– (1300–1250 cm−1) which indicated the availability of silane groups on the filler surface. Two methods of mixing were effected to form the bone cement: firstly by mixing in an open bowl and secondly by extruding the two pastes by an auto-mixing tip using a gun to dispense the pastes. Both types of cements yielded low polymerization exotherms with good mechanical properties; however, the lower viscosity of UDMA allowed better extrusion and handling properties. A biologically active apatite layer formed on the bone cement surface within a short period after its immersion in simulated body fluid, demonstrating in vitro bioactivity of the composite. This preliminary data thus suggests that UDMA is a viable alternative to bis-GMA as a polymerizable matrix in the formation of bone cements.

Keywords
Orthopaedic bone cements; Hydroxypatite; Composites; Mechanical properties
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Development of high-viscosity, two-paste bioactive bone cements
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 17, June 2005, Pages 3713–3718
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us