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Nanoscale anionic macromolecules for selective retention of low-density lipoproteins

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12756 814 2005 10 PDF Available
Title
Nanoscale anionic macromolecules for selective retention of low-density lipoproteins
Abstract

Synthetically designed anionic nanocarriers that mimic the charge properties of glycosaminoglycans can potentially sequester low-density lipoproteins (LDL) during the treatment of atherosclerosis. In this study, we explore the LDL retentivity of 15–20 nm anionic micelles formed from amphiphilic scorpion-like macromolecules (AScMs) as building blocks. The macromolecules comprise four aliphatic chains attached to mucic acid and a linear polyethylene glycol (PEG) segment to form micellar nanocarriers with a hydrophobic core and hydrophilic corona. Dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy studies indicate that the carboxylate-terminated nanocarriers (20 nm) sequester LDL (22 nm), resulting in complexes with a diameter of 60–90 nm, but neutral ethoxy-terminated nanocarriers do not retain LDL. Further, carboxylate-terminated nanocarriers consistently bound to unoxidized LDL (Relative Electrophoretic Mobility, REM=1.0) and mildly oxidized LDL (REM=1.5), but not highly oxidized LDL (REM=3.6), whereas the neutral nanocarriers displayed no preference/affinity at all, indicating that the nanocarrier-LDL binding is charge-dependent. The binding affinity of unoxidized LDL for differentially charged nanocarriers, formed from varying ratios of carboxylate- and ethoxy-terminated macromolecules, was quantified. The 100% carboxylated nanocarriers elicited the highest binding affinity (Kd=567 nm), whereas mixed micelles elicited significantly lower levels of binding affinity. Our results highlight the promise of synthetically designed nanomaterials in lipoprotein retention, a key step in managing the escalation of atherosclerosis.

Keywords
Low-density lipoproteins; Atherosclerosis; Amphiphilic macromolecules; Micelles; Nanotechnology
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 17, June 2005, Pages 3749–3758
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us