Luminal surface microgeometry affects platelet adhesion in small-diameter synthetic grafts
One of the major problems when using small-diameter vascular grafts in arterial reconstruction is the development of platelet-rich thrombi as a consequence of blood contact with artificial surfaces. The degree of occlusion is certainly affected by the thrombogenicity of the internal surface that seems to play a key role in patency and long-term wound healing of grafts. In this study, the blood compatibility of Cardiothane® (CA) vascular grafts was investigated. The CA material, a blend of polyurethane and polydimethylsiloxane that has shown relatively good physical and biocompatibility properties, was manufactured into vascular grafts by the instrument named “spray-machine”. Grafts with different luminal surface porosity were produced using increasing CA concentrations by the “spray-machine” and the blood compatibility was evaluated in vitro by a circulation system in which the human blood was allowed to interact with the material in a well-controlled setting. The samples of circulating blood were collected at different times of circulation and platelet adhesion and activation were studied. Grafts with a highly porous luminal surface induced a lower adhesion and activation of platelets in vitro than the low-porosity ones. These results underlined the importance of the microgeometry of the graft luminal surface in the interaction with blood.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 25, Issue 18, August 2004, Pages 4447–4455