Effects of calcium and thrombin on growth factor release from platelet concentrates: Kinetics and regulation of endothelial cell proliferation
Platelet concentrates (PCs) constitute new biological mediators used in osseous reconstructive surgery. In this study, we assessed (i) the effects of various concentrations of calcium and thrombin on the kinetics of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-BB), transforming growth factor-beta1(TGF-β1), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) release by PCs and (ii) the contribution of PC supernatants to endothelial cell proliferation. Our results indicate that high concentrations of calcium (Ca) and thrombin (Thr) trigger an immediate and significant increase in bFGF, TGF-β1 and PDGF-BB concentrations. Thereafter, PDGF-BB, VEGF and TGF-β1 levels remained generally constant over a 6-day period while a decrease in bFGF concentrations was noted after 24 h. Lower Ca and Thr concentrations tended to reduce and delay growth factors release from PCs. Endothelial cell proliferation was greatly enhanced with PC supernatants (mean: 20-fold increase). This was especially evident when endothelial cells were treated with supernatants harvested early after PC treatment with high concentrations of Ca and Thr or later after PC treatment with low Ca and Thr concentrations. Additional research aiming to measure the effects of Ca and Thr on bone formation in vivo is needed.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 25, Issue 18, August 2004, Pages 4489–4502