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Kinetics of fluoride release from zinc oxide-based cements

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
12968 823 2001 7 PDF Available
Title
Kinetics of fluoride release from zinc oxide-based cements
Abstract

Considerable attention has been given to the release of the cariostatic fluoride ion from glass-based dental cements (dental silicate and glass ionomer). In these, the total available fluoride content is not precisely known since fluorine is distributed between the cross-linked aqueous salt matrix, partially dissolved glass, and undissolved glass. In analogous cements based on zinc oxide the fluoride is added as highly soluble SnF2. The object of this study is to compare the F− ion release profiles of commercial zinc polycarboxylate and zinc phosphate containing 4.4 and 3.6% SnF2, respectively. Mixed cements were clamped in split ring moulds to produce discs of 10 mm×1 mm after storage at 37°C for 1 h. Each was weighed and immersed in 10 ml of deionised water. When this changed, at 13 time intervals up to 98 days, the fluoride content was measured using an ion selective electrode. The mean (N=3) values obtained were expressed cumulatively [F] in μmol F ion/g cement. The total [F] released was 111 for the zinc polycarboxylate and 286 for zinc phosphate compared with total F in the cements of 561 and 464, respectively. When the cumulative [F] was plotted versus t1/2 close associations were found for both cements. For the polycarboxylate the regression line [F]=10.6t1/2+9.9 fitted well over the whole 98 days (R=0.997). For the phosphate a better fit regression line was obtained using results upto 32 days only; For t>32 days results increasingly deviated from this line. These results fitted a regression line of the form (R=0.9997). Comparisons are made with data from previous authors both for zinc phosphate cement and glass-based cements and with diffusion theory of F ion release. It is concluded that zinc-based cements provide some indications of how glass-based cements may behave over long periods of release and that zinc phosphate is the material of clinical choice for orthodontic cementation if maximal fluoride release is the prime criterion.

Keywords
Fluoride; Cements; Diffusion; Dental materials
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Kinetics of fluoride release from zinc oxide-based cements
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 22, Issue 18, September 2001, Pages 2507–2513
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us