fulltext.study @t Gmail

Reduced responses of macrophages on nanometer surface features of altered alumina crystalline phases

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1298 81 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
Reduced responses of macrophages on nanometer surface features of altered alumina crystalline phases
Abstract

Extensive prolonged interactions of inflammatory cells (such as macrophages) at the host–implant interface may lead to implant failure. While previous studies have shown increased in vitro and in vivo bone cell adhesion, proliferation and mineralization on nanophase compared to currently implanted ceramics, few studies have been conducted to elucidate inflammatory cell responses on such nanophase ceramics. Controlling surface feature size and corresponding surface roughness on implants may clearly alter immune cell responses, which would be an extremely important consideration for the use of nanostructured materials as improved biomaterials. In this study, reduced macrophage density was observed on alumina (Al2O3) compacts with greater nanometer surface roughness accompanied by changes in crystallinity for up to 24 h in culture. Since alumina is a commonly used ceramic in orthopedic applications, this in vitro study continues to support the use of nanophase ceramics as improved orthopedic implants by demonstrating reduced macrophage responses.

Keywords
Bone; Alumina; Macrophage; LPS; Inflammation
First Page Preview
Reduced responses of macrophages on nanometer surface features of altered alumina crystalline phases
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 5, Issue 5, June 2009, Pages 1425–1432
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us