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Structure and surface of TiNi human implants

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13004 827 2001 8 PDF Available
Title
Structure and surface of TiNi human implants
Abstract

The surface and the “bulk” structure of TiNi implants were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), and scanning Auger microprobe analysis (AES). TiNi implants were compared with otherwise identically prepared non-implanted specimens, and sputter-cleaned and reoxidized samples. Non-implanted and implanted samples had essentially the same surface topography and microstructure. Ti, O, and C were the dominant elements detected on the surface. Trace amounts (∼1 at%) of Ni and Ca, N, Si, B, and S were also detected. Ti was present as TiO2 on the surface, while nickel was present in metallic form. A significant difference in Ni peak intensity was observed when retrieved or non-implanted control samples (a very low nickel content) were compared with sputter-cleaned and reoxidized samples (well-detected nickel). It is evident that the method of passivation is crucial for nickel loosening. No major changes occurred in the TiNi samples bulk structure or in the surface oxide during the implantation periods investigated.

Keywords
Shape memory alloys; TiNi alloys; Biocompatibility; Surface layer
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Structure and surface of TiNi human implants
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 22, Issue 15, 1 August 2001, Pages 2131–2138
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us