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Contractile cardiac grafts using a novel nanofibrous mesh ☆

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13051 828 2004 7 PDF Available
Title
Contractile cardiac grafts using a novel nanofibrous mesh ☆
Abstract

Cardiomyoctes are terminally differentiated cells and therefore unable to regenerate after infarction. The use of autologous bioengineered cardiac grafts has been suggested to replace infarcted myocardium and enhance cardiac function. Here we report the development of an in vitro system for engineered myocardium. Cardiac nanofibrous meshes (CNM) were developed by culturing cardiomyocytes from neonatal Lewis rats on electrospun, nanofibrous polycaprolactone (PCL) meshes. The mesh had an ECM-like topography and was suspended across a wire ring that acted as a passive load to contracting cardiomyocytes. The cardiomyocytes started beating after 3 days and were cultured in vitro for 14 days. The cardiomyocytes attached well on the PCL meshes and expressed cardiac-specific proteins such as α-myosin heavy chain, connexin43 and cardiac troponin I. The results demonstrate the formation of contractile cardiac grafts in vitro. Using this technique, cardiac grafts can be matured in vitro to obtain sufficient function prior to implantation. It is conjectured that cardiac grafts with clinically relevant dimensions can be obtained by stacking CNMs and inducing vascularization with angiogenic factors.

Keywords
Cardiac tissue engineering; Polycaprolactone; Heart; Electrospinning
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Contractile cardiac grafts using a novel nanofibrous mesh ☆
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 25, Issue 17, August 2004, Pages 3717–3723
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us