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A novel polymeric chlorhexidine delivery device for the treatment of periodontal disease

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13054 828 2004 8 PDF Available
Title
A novel polymeric chlorhexidine delivery device for the treatment of periodontal disease
Abstract

An implantable, anti-microbial delivery device for the treatment of periodontal disease has been developed. In this polymer-based delivery system, the encapsulation efficiency, release characteristics, and bioactivity of anti-microbial agent were controlled by the complexation of the drug with cyclodextrins of differing lipophilicity. Microparticles of poly(dl-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) containing chlorhexidine (Chx) free base, chlorhexidine digluconate (Chx-Dg) and their association or inclusion complex with methylated-β-cyclodextrin (MBCD) and hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPBCD) were prepared by single emulsion, solvent evaporation technique. It was observed that encapsulation efficiency and release of the chlorhexidine derivatives from the microparticles was a function of the lipophilicity of the cyclodextrin. Complexation of the poorly water soluble Chx with the more hydrophilic HPBCD resulted in 62% higher encapsulation efficiency and longer duration of sustained release over a 2-week period than complexation with the more lipophilic MBCD. In contrast, the complexation of the more water-soluble derivative of chlorhexidine, Chx-Dg, with the more lipophilic MBCD improved encapsulation efficiency by 12% and prolonged its release in comparison to both the free Chx-Dg and its complex with HPBCD. Furthermore, it was observed that the initial burst effect could be diminished by complexation with CD. Preliminary studies have shown that the chlorhexidine released from PLGA chips is biologically active against bacterial population that is relevant in periodontitis (P. gingivalis and B. forsythus) and a healthy inhibition zone is maintained in agar plate assay over a period of at least a 1-week. The PLGA/CD delivery system described in this paper may prove useful for the localized delivery of chlorhexidine salts and other anti-microbial agents in the treatment of periodontal disease where prolonged-controlled delivery is desired.

Keywords
Drug delivery device; Microencapsulation chlorhexidine; Chlorhexidine digluconate; Cyclodextrin; Periodontal disease; PLGA; Biodegradable polymers
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A novel polymeric chlorhexidine delivery device for the treatment of periodontal disease
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 25, Issue 17, August 2004, Pages 3743–3750
Authors
, , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us