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Evaluation of a poly(vinyl pyrollidone)-coated biomaterial for urological use

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13094 829 2002 8 PDF Available
Title
Evaluation of a poly(vinyl pyrollidone)-coated biomaterial for urological use
Abstract

The associated problems of bacterial biofilm formation and encrustation that may cause obstruction or blockage of urethral catheters and ureteral stents often hinders the effective use of biomaterials within the urinary tract. In this in vitro study, we have investigated the surface properties of a hydrophilic poly(vinyl pyrollidone) (PVP)-coating applied to polyurethane and determined its suitability for use as a urinary tract biomaterial by comparing its lubricity and ability to resist bacterial adherence and encrustation with that of uncoated polyurethane and silicone. The PVP-coated polyurethane was significantly more hydrophilic and more lubricious than either uncoated polyurethane or silicone. Adherence of a hydrophilic Escherichia coli isolate to PVP-coated polyurethane and uncoated polyurethane was similar but significantly less than adherence to silicone. Adherence of a hydrophobic Enterococcus faecalis isolate to PVP-coated polyurethane and silicone was similar but was significantly less than adherence to uncoated polyurethane. Struvite encrustation was similar on the PVP-coated polyurethane and silicone but significantly less than on uncoated polyurethane. Furthermore, hydroxyapatite encrustation was significantly less on the PVP-coated polyurethane than on either uncoated polyurethane or silicone. The results suggest that the PVP-coating could be useful in preventing complications caused by bacterial biofilm formation and the deposition of encrustation on biomaterials implanted in the urinary tract and, therefore, warrants further evaluation.

Keywords
Urinary tract; Encrustation; Bacterial adherence; Hydrogel; Poly(vinyl pyrollidone); Polyurethane
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Evaluation of a poly(vinyl pyrollidone)-coated biomaterial for urological use
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 23, Issue 23, December 2002, Pages 4601–4608
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us