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Study on the three-dimensional proliferation of rabbit articular cartilage-derived chondrocytes on polyhydroxyalkanoate scaffolds

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13172 838 2002 8 PDF Available
Title
Study on the three-dimensional proliferation of rabbit articular cartilage-derived chondrocytes on polyhydroxyalkanoate scaffolds
Abstract

Polymer scaffold systems consisting of poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBHHx)/polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) (PHBHHx/PHB) were investigated for possible application as a matrix for the three-dimensional growth of chondrocyte culture. Blend polymers of PHBHHx/PHB were fabricated into three-dimensional porous scaffolds by the salt-leaching method. Chondrocytes isolated from rabbit articular cartilage (RAC) were seeded on the scaffolds and incubated over 28 days, with change of the culture medium every 4 days. PHB scaffold was taken as a control. Methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltertra-zolium bromide) assay was used to quantitatively examine the proliferation of chondrocytes. Results showed that chondrocytes proliferated better on the PHBHHx/PHB scaffolds than on PHB one. The maximal cell densities were all observed after 7 days of incubation. As for the blend polymers, cells grew better on scaffolds consisting of PHBHHx/PHB in ratios of 2:1 and 1:2 than they did on PHBHHx/PHB of 1:1. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) also showed that large quantities of chondrocytes grew initially on the surface of the scaffold. After 7 days, they further grew into the open pores of the blend polymer scaffolds. Morphologically, cells found on the surface of the scaffold exhibited a flat appearance and slowly form confluent cell multilayers starting from 14 to 28 days of the growth. In contrast, cells showed rounded morphology, formed aggregates and islets inside the scaffolds. In addition, chondrocytes proliferated on the scaffold and preserved their phenotype for up to 28 days.

Keywords
Polyhydroxyalkanoates; PHB; Biomaterial; Tissue engineering; Chondrocytes
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Study on the three-dimensional proliferation of rabbit articular cartilage-derived chondrocytes on polyhydroxyalkanoate scaffolds
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 23, Issue 20, October 2002, Pages 4049–4056
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us