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Ectopic bone formation in rats: the importance of vascularity of the acceptor site

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13189 840 2004 7 PDF Available
Title
Ectopic bone formation in rats: the importance of vascularity of the acceptor site
Abstract

Bone graft substitutes (BGS) can be fabricated by the combination of three key ingredients: (1) competent bone-forming cells, (2) a suitable framework or scaffold, and (3) the presence of biological stimulants. Although much research has been done to develop the ideal BGS, still the results are not very consistent. In view of this, the cellularity and vascularity of the recipient site are supposed to be important for the osteoinductive capacity of BGS. Therefore, we hypothesized that a muscle recipient site could favor bone formation in a cell-based BGS compared to a subcutaneous recipient site due to the higher vascularity of muscle tissue. To prove this hypothesis, 48 titanium fiber mesh implants were seeded with rat bone marrow stromal cells (RBM) and implanted subcutaneously and intramuscularly in the adductor thigh muscle of rats. The amount of bone formation after 1, 3 and 6 weeks was evaluated by histology and histomorphometry as well as by calcium content. Analysis revealed that the bone formation increased during implantation. However, bone formation did not exceed 12% of the implant surface, both for the intramuscular and subcutaneous recipient site. Also, no significant differences in bone amount between these two sites existed. Consequently, our hypothesis could not be confirmed.

Keywords
Bone tissue engineering; Cell culture; Osteogenesis; Titanium; Animal model; Recipient site; Muscle; Subcutis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 25, Issue 27, December 2004, Pages 5831–5837
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us