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Human macrophage-mediated biodegradation of polyurethanes: assessment of candidate enzyme activities

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13233 845 2002 7 PDF Available
Title
Human macrophage-mediated biodegradation of polyurethanes: assessment of candidate enzyme activities
Abstract

A predominant cell type associated with explanted failed devices is the monocyte-derived macrophage (MDM). However, there is still very little known about the specific cellular enzyme activities involved in interactions with these devices. The current study investigates the nature of candidate enzymes that may be involved in the degradation of polymeric biomaterials through the use of specific enzyme inhibitor agents. When MDM were incubated with a polycarbonate-based polyurethane (PCNU) synthesized with 14C-labeled hexane diisocyanate (HDI), polycarbonate diol and butanediol (BD) (referred to as 14C-HDI431), the radiolabel release (RR) measured was inhibited by phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride, diethyl-p-nitrophenyl phosphate (serine protease/esterase inhibitors), and sodium fluoride (NaF) (a carboxyl esterase (CXE) inhibitor). Sodium taurocholate (NaT) (a cholesterol esterase (CE) stimulator) had little effect on RR. The two candidate enzymes proposed were CE and CXE, based on the fact that both were identified by immunoblotting in the releasate of MDM following 48 h incubation with 14C-HDI431. The effect of the above reagents on the RR caused by purified CE and CXE, was measured and compared to changes in their activity with p-nitrophenylbutyrate (PNB). The effect of NaF on MDM was similar to that of purified CXE (inhibitory on both RR and lysate esterase activity), suggesting the involvement of CXE. However, NaT inhibited the PNB activity of purified CXE, but had no effect on MDM-mediated RR or PNB activity, implicating another esterase in the biomaterial degradation. Since NaT stimulated CE-mediated RR and PNB activity, it may also be involved in MDM-mediated biodegradation of PCNUs. The results of these studies point to both esterases as being candidates. However, the current methods were unable to determine the relative contribution of each one to the observed biodegradation.

Keywords
Biodegradation; Cholesterol esterase; Carboxylesterase; Monocyte-derived macrophages; Polyurethanes
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Human macrophage-mediated biodegradation of polyurethanes: assessment of candidate enzyme activities
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 23, Issue 19, October 2002, Pages 3969–3975
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us