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Quantification of ligand surface concentration of bulk-modified biomimetic hydrogels

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13278 848 2003 10 PDF Available
Title
Quantification of ligand surface concentration of bulk-modified biomimetic hydrogels
Abstract

This study describes a method for the quantification of active ligand surface concentration for bulk-modified hydrogels. Two poly(propylene fumarate-co-ethylene glycol) (P(PF-co-EG)) block copolymers were synthesized with terminal poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) chains of number average molecular weight 1960 and 5190 g/mol. Hydrogels were synthesized with bulk-modified biotin as a model ligand, making use of a PEG spacer arm with a molecular weight of 3400 g/mol. Bulk concentration of biotin was calculated from the initial concentration of biotin, sol fraction, equilibrium water content, and relative incorporation of the polymers to the hydrogel. Surface concentration of biotin bulk-modified hydrogels was quantified with an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay using mouse monoclonal anti-biotin antibody (IgG), horseradish peroxidase-conjugated anti-mouse IgG, and a chemiluminescent substrate. The larger size of the IgG relative to the mesh size of the hydrogels allowed for the quantification of the active biotin at the surface of the hydrogels. Luminescent imaging was used to qualitatively show the isolation of the horseradish peroxidase-conjugated antibodies to the surface of the bulk-modified hydrogel. The active biotin ligands at the surface of hydrogels synthesized with terminal PEG chains of 1960 g/mol were at the top 7.2 nm while for those synthesized with terminal PEG chains of 5190 g/mol were at the top 4.4 nm of the bulk-modified hydrogel. The relationship between bulk ligand concentration and the active ligand concentration at the surface was dependent on the hydrogel composition. The relative magnitude of the PEG spacer arm of the ligand compared to the PEG block length of the copolymer affected the surface availability of the ligand. The results suggest that steric hindrances caused by mobile PEG chains of the copolymer of molecular weight greater than that of the PEG spacer arm contributed to the decreased surface concentration of ligand. This work relates the bulk concentration of a ligand to its surface concentration, an important parameter for the adhesion, migration, and function of anchorage dependent cells.

Keywords
Biomimetic material; Hydrogel; Surface analysis; ELISA; Chemiluminescence
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Quantification of ligand surface concentration of bulk-modified biomimetic hydrogels
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 24, Issue 24, November 2003, Pages 4365–4374
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us