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Platelet adhesion to commercial and modified polymer materials in animals under psychological stress and in a no-stress condition

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13421 855 1973 7 PDF Available
Title
Platelet adhesion to commercial and modified polymer materials in animals under psychological stress and in a no-stress condition
Abstract

It is well known that stressful stimuli change blood functions and that protein and platelet parameters are altered in humans and animals subjected to stress. We have examined the influence of psychological stress on the morphological responses of platelets on commercially available materials [polyester (VP), fluoropassivated polyester (VPF), non-woven benzylic ester of hyaluronic acid (Hyaff11)] and on materials synthesised (PUPA) and/or surface modified by sulphation (Hyaff11S) or by immobilisation of the anticoagulant molecules heparin and sulphated hyaluronic acid (PUPA-Heparin, PUPA-HyalS, HyalS-PET). Moreover, the anticoagulant activity (i.e. thrombin inactivation) of the materials was analysed.In the no-stress condition, the surfaces with a low degree of platelet adhesion were Hyaff11S, HyalS-PET, PUPA-Heparin and PUPA-HyalS. Hyaff11, PET and PUPA had the highest number of adherent platelets within the series. VP and VPF exhibited an intermediate behaviour.The exposure of animals to stress induced a dramatic change in platelet number and morphology on PET, HyalS-PET, PUPA, PUPA-HyalS and Hyaff11: there was a higher degree of platelet adhesion, increased platelet spreading and the appearance of pseudopodia. In VP, VPF, Hyaff11S and PUPA-Heparin, there were no changes in platelet adhesion in stress conditions with respect to the no-stress condition; the latter two materials, the only ones able to prolong thrombin time, had a very low number of adherent platelets.

Keywords
Polymeric materials; Psychological stress; Platelets; Blood-contacting properties; Scanning electron microscopy
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Platelet adhesion to commercial and modified polymer materials in animals under psychological stress and in a no-stress condition
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 23, Issue 9, May 2002, Pages 1967–1973
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us