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Membranes for biohybrid liver support systems—investigations on hepatocyte attachment, morphology and growth

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13439 856 2002 12 PDF Available
Title
Membranes for biohybrid liver support systems—investigations on hepatocyte attachment, morphology and growth
Abstract

The biological properties of four different membranes were studied regarding their possible application in biohybrid liver support systems. Two of them, one made of polyetherimide (PEI), and a second based on polyacrylonitrile-N-vinylpyrollidone co-polymer (P(AN-NVP)), were recently developed in our lab and studied for the first time. Together with pure polyacrylonitrile (PAN) membranes, the three preparations were characterised as ultra-filtration membranes. Their ability to support cell attachment, morphology, proliferation and function of human hepatoblastoma C3A cells was studied. The role of surface morphology for the interaction with hepatocytes was highlighted using a commercial, moderately wettable polyvinylidendifluoride (PVDF) membrane with micro-filtration properties. Comparative investigations showed strongest interaction of C3A cells with PAN membranes, as the focal adhesion contacts were more expressed and cell growth was also high. However, the functional activity in terms of albumin synthesis was reduced. Very similar results were obtained with the most hydrophobic PEI membrane. In contrast, the most hydrophilic membrane P(AN-NVP) was found to provoke stronger homotypic adhesion (E-cadherin expression) of C3A cells and less substratum attachment (focal adhesions), but enhanced albumin secretion. However, proliferation of C3A cells was lowered. Micro-porous PVDF membrane showed very good initial attachment, but the resulting cell material and cell–cell interaction were relatively poor developed. Among four membranes tested, PEI seems to be the most attractive membrane for biohybrid liver devices, as it provides good surface properties for hepatocytes interaction, but in addition it is highly thermostable, which would permit steam sterilisation. No simple relationship, however, between the wettability of the membranes and their ability to support hepatocyte adhesion and function was found in this study.

Keywords
Polymer membranes; Surface properties; Hepatoblastoma cells; Cell–biomaterial interaction; Biohybrid liver
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Membranes for biohybrid liver support systems—investigations on hepatocyte attachment, morphology and growth
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 23, Issue 12, June 2002, Pages 2467–2478
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us