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The effect of ionic products from bioactive glass dissolution on osteoblast proliferation and collagen production

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13461 858 2004 8 PDF Available
Title
The effect of ionic products from bioactive glass dissolution on osteoblast proliferation and collagen production
Abstract

Bioactive ceramics developed during the past few decades have interesting properties from the biological standpoint, but their effects on cellular events remain partially unknown. In the current work, we investigated cellular viability, proliferation, morphology changes and metabolic activity of rat primary culture osteoblasts in contact with the ionic products from the dissolution of a bioactive glass with 60% of silica (BG60S) and a biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP). We observed that although osteoblasts cultured with BG60S showed vacuole formation, cell viability was increased when compared to BCP and control. The vacuole formation was not due to the presence of high calcium concentration in the ionic products from the dissolution of BG60S and was not related to nitric oxide production from the osteoblasts. We did find that high silicon concentration could induce cellular vacuole formation. Additionally, energy dispersive spectroscopy analysis indicated that vacuole contained 75% more silicon than other regions in the cell outside the vacuole. We further found that collagen production was higher in osteoblast cultured in the presence of BG60S compared to BCP and control, while alkaline phosphatase production was similar among cells incubated with BG60S, BCP and control. Together, our results indicate that osteoblast vacuole formation was due to high silicon contents in the dissolution of BG60S and we can suggest that despite the vacuole formation, there is no significant alteration in the bioceramic cell interaction.

Keywords
Bioactive ceramics; Osteoblast; Viability; Collagen; Alkaline phosphatase
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The effect of ionic products from bioactive glass dissolution on osteoblast proliferation and collagen production
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 25, Issue 15, July 2004, Pages 2941–2948
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us