Bone cement extracts modulate the osteoprotegerin/osteoprotegerin-ligand expression in MG63 osteoblast-like cells
The osteoprotegerin-ligand (OPG-L) has been identified as the essential factor required for osteoclastogenesis, and its effects are prevented by the osteoprotegerin (OPG). The OPG-L/OPG balance plays a crucial role in coordinating the sequence of osteoclast and osteoblast differentiation during the bone remodeling. The aim of the study was to investigate if polymethylmethacrylate-based cements are able to modulate the expression of OPG-L/OPG in MG63 cells, which are known to have high levels of OPG and inducible expression of OPG-L. Four radio-opaque cements, namely Sulfix-60®, CMW1®, CMW2® and CMW3®, were polymerized for either 1 h or 7 d. MG63 were incubated for 24 h with culture medium only, cement extracts and 2 μg/ml of human recombinant IL-1β as positive control. An RT-PCR was performed to detect the OPG and OPG-L expression, and the house-keeping gene, GAPDH, was used as a reference for the semi-quantitative analysis. An increase in the OPG-L band density was observed for all cements, and consequently, the OPG-L/OPG ratio also increased. The ability of bone cements to induce the expression of OPG-L could be a co-factor in the development of osteolysis at the bone–cement interface.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 23, Issue 11, June 2002, Pages 2359–2365