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Investigation of cell–substrate interactions by focused ion beam preparation and scanning electron microscopy

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1357 82 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Investigation of cell–substrate interactions by focused ion beam preparation and scanning electron microscopy
Abstract

Cell–substrate interactions, which are an important issue in tissue engineering, have been studied using focused ion beam (FIB) milling and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Sample cross-sections were generated at predefined positions (target preparation) to investigate the interdependency of growing cells and the substrate material. The experiments focus on two cell culturing systems, hepatocytes (HepG2) on nanoporous aluminum oxide (alumina) membranes and mouse fibroblasts (L929) and primary nerve cells on silicon chips comprised of microneedles. Cross-sections of these soft/hard hybrid systems cannot be prepared by conventional techniques like microtomy. Morphological investigations of hepatocytes growing on nanoporous alumina membranes demonstrate that there is in-growth of microvilli from the cell surface into porous membranes having pore diameters larger than 200 nm. Furthermore, for various cell cultures on microneedle arrays contact between the cells and the microneedles can be observed at high resolution. Based on FIB milled cross-sections and SEM micrographs cells which are only in contact with microneedles and cells which are penetrated by microneedles can be clearly distinguished. Target preparation of biological samples by the FIB technique especially offers the possibility of preparing not only soft materials but also hybrid samples (soft/hard materials). Followed by high resolution imaging by SEM, new insights into cell surface interactions can be obtained.

Keywords
Focused ion beam; Electron microscopy; Cell–substrate interactions; Nanoporous materials; Biosensor
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Investigation of cell–substrate interactions by focused ion beam preparation and scanning electron microscopy
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 7, Issue 6, June 2011, Pages 2499–2507
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us