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Amphiphilic poly-N-vinylpyrrolidones:: synthesis, properties and liposome surface modification

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13572 881 2001 10 PDF Available
Title
Amphiphilic poly-N-vinylpyrrolidones:: synthesis, properties and liposome surface modification
Abstract

Certain amphiphilic water-soluble polymers including amphiphilic derivatives of polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) were found to be efficient steric protectors for liposomes in vivo. In this study, we have tried to develop synthetic pathways for preparing amphiphilic PVP and to investigate the influence of the hydrophilic/hydrophobic blocks on some properties of resulting polymers and polymer-coated liposomes. To prepare amphiphilic PVP with the end stearyl (S) or palmityl (P) residues, amino- and carboxy-terminated PVP derivatives were first synthesized by the free-radical polymerization of vinyl pyrrolidone in the presence of amino- or carboxy-mercaptans as chain transfer agents, and then modified by interaction of amino-PVP with stearoyl chloride or palmitoyl chloride, or by dicyclohexyl carbodiimide coupling of stearylamine with carboxy-PVP. ESR-spectra of the hydrophobic spin-probe, nitroxyl radical N-oxyl-2-hexyl-2-(10-methoxycarbonyl)decyl-4,4′-dimethyl oxazoline, in the presence of amphiphilic PVP demonstrated good accessibility of terminal P- and S-groups for the interaction with other hydrophobic ligands. Spontaneous micellization and low CMC values (in a low μmolar range) were found for amphiphilic PVP derivatives using the pyrene method. In general, S-PVP forms more stable micelles than P-PVP (at similar MW, CMC values for S-PVP are lower than for P-PVP). It was found that amphiphilic PVP incorporated into negatively charged liposomes effectively prevents polycation(poly-ethylpyridinium-4-vinylchloride)-induced liposome aggregation, completely abolishing it at ca. 10 mol% polymer content in liposomes. Additionally, the liposome-incorporated PVP prevents the fluorescence quenching of the membrane-incorporated hydrophobic fluorescent label [N-(4-fluoresceinthiocarbamoyl)dipalmitoyl-PE] by the free polycation. PVP-modified liposomes were loaded with a self-quenching concentration of carboxyfluorescein, and their destabilization in the presence of mouse serum was investigated following the release of free dye. Amphiphilic PVP with MW between 1500 and 8000 provides good steric protection for liposomes. The degree of this protection depends on both polymer concentration and molecular size of the PVP block.

Keywords
Liposomes; Steric protection; Amphiphilic poly(vinyl pyrrolidone); Micellization; Fluorescence quenching; Liposome stability in serum
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 22, Issue 22, 15 November 2001, Pages 3035–3044
Authors
, , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us